About half of all people in the world snore at some point in their lives. More common in men, over 40 percent of adult men and 24 percent of adult women are habitual snorers. In more detail, snoring is the sound that comes from obstructed air movement in your throat when you breathe while sleeping.
Sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder. People who go untreated stop breathing repeatedly during sleep. This can lead to the brain and the rest of the body not getting enough oxygen. Which in turn can lead to stroke, heart failure, diabetes, depression, and headaches.
Ever had trouble falling asleep? Or do you find yourself waking up in the middle of the night, unable to fall back to sleep? Is this something you experience more than three days a week? If so, you might be suffering from insomnia. Insomnia refers to habitual sleeplessness and is the most common sleep disorder in the world.
Also referred to as Excessive uncontrollable daytime sleepiness, narcolepsy causes overwhelming daytime sleepiness. It is a chronic sleep disorder affecting 1 in 2,000 to 3,000 people. The cause of narcolepsy is related to the loss of cells in the brain that secrete hypocretin. Hypocretin is a chemical in the brain that is important for regulating wakefulness.
Imagine waking up in the middle the night without being able to move or speak. Known to occur both when falling asleep and upon waking, sleep paralysis is the inability to move or speak even if you feel wide awake. A session usually lasts around one to two minutes and can be quite frightening for those who’ve experienced it.
Sleepwalking is when a person walks around or performs other complex behavior while sleeping. The activity is much more common in children than adults and more likely to happen if the person is sleep deprived. The sleepwalker will most likely not even remember what happened and remains in deep sleep during the entire episode.
Restless Legs Syndrome
Sometimes described as “pins and needles”, Restless Legs Syndrome creates a hopeless situation when you’re also trying to fall asleep at the same time. It affects up to 10% of the adult population and is more common among middle-aged women. In most cases, no cause is known to affect RLS, but it’s suspected that genes do play a role and that RLS is hereditary.